Rights and obligations are two terms that are on everyone's lips, it is said that one cannot exist without the other, that there can be no obligations if there are no rights beforehand, and vice versa, but do we really know what it means? each?
For a society to function, for the lives of thousands upon thousands of people to pass without incident, regulations, rights and duties are required, but these basic and important concepts are often not understood or comprehended.
Then we will in UnComo.com explain in detail what is a right and what is a duty, and then, with the concepts already clear, explain what is the difference between rights and duties .
- What are homework?
- What are the rights?
- What is the difference between rights and obligations?
What are homework?
To know what is the difference between rights and obligations, it is necessary to know what each thing means. First and foremost, duties are the obligations that a party, whether a person, a country or a particular group, has towards another party. These obligations are subject to laws or regulations , depending on the territory to which they belong, and if they are not carried out, they usually have some kind of sanction, penalty or fine for those who did not comply.
- Financial obligation: in this type of obligation, financial obligations are formulated, ie everything related to money or goods credit . An example of a financial obligation is the obligation that a person has to pay the amount that the bank has agreed to pay after a mortgage has been taken out . This person is obliged to pay the agreed amounts on the agreed terms.
- Legal obligation: legal obligations are those in which the parties are legally bound , with a framework of laws that protect them. An example of a legal right is the bond that binds worker and employer , while the former is obliged to perform the work for which he was hired, the latter being obliged to pay the economic retribution signed in the contract.
- Moral duty: unlike the previous laws, the moral duty is not subject to regulation or written law, but has to do with what is generally considered good and evil . It is the moral duty that makes us do good, although our will is to do something else. An example of moral obligation could be given in the case that a friend asked for help to make the move, you probably don't feel like it and you have already made plans, but he helped you move and now you owe it.
- Tax liability: tax liability is born in modern societies and is the legal link that obliges to pay taxes and other taxes to all citizens in exchange for social services and other public goods .
- Social duty : The social duty is closely related to the moral duty, although it has significant differences. This duty must be described as the obligation that all members of a society must observe certain rules of conduct and act in certain ways. An example of social duty is to agree when the traffic light is green, otherwise life in society would be chaotic.
What are the rights?
We already have one concept, now we need to know the second one to know what is the difference between rights and duties . If we said that a duty is an obligation of one party to another, the duty protects this second party to receive this consideration .
See also How to train with my dog at home
- The natural rights: they are the innate rights of man , present in him from birth, they do not need to be included in a law or a constitution because they are universal and irrevocable. The most important natural right of all people is the right to life.
- Positive rights: Unlike natural rights, positive rights are those that must be expressly recognized by the state , declared in the laws and constitutions and regulated and legalized, which come into force on the day they are approved They cease to be the day they are repealed. These rights are the rules, regulations and laws that a state gives itself to regulate life in society and determine what can and cannot be done. Among many possible examples we can put the right to a salary for our work, a right regulated by law, which forces a company to return to an employee for his employment.
What is the difference between rights and duties?
Once the concepts of right and duty are explained, we can return to the central point : what is the difference between rights and duties? We have explained that duties are an obligation that one party has in relation to another, but when the other party receives this obligation, it has the right to it. If rights are the privileges that people, companies and states have, duties are the obligations to perform certain things.
Law does not mean to do whatever you want, it means to comply with whatever the law allows you to do, a limit marked by the rights of other people. Everyone has the right to life, which means you can't kill or hurt anyone. Just as we all have the right to life, we also have the duty to help someone who is in danger. That is to say that the duties , the obligations that you have with the company allow you to have rights , the privileges that you enjoy in a company.
The difference and relationship between rights and obligations can be clearly seen in an example:
In western democracies, citizens have some tax obligations with the government, they are obliged to pay taxes and fees for various concepts. These taxes are used to pay for public expenses such as health care, in this way the tax liability is with the state, which guarantees us the right to public health.
If you would like to read other articles similar to What is the difference between rights and obligations , we recommend you enter our Culture and Society category.